- What is a blank confirmation?
- Can issuing bank be confirming bank?
- Can SBLC be confirmed?
- What procedures can be performed on customers who do not respond?
- What are the characteristics of a confirmation?
- What is a negotiating bank?
- What are the circumstances under which confirmation of accounts receivable is not required?
- What does it mean to maintain control over the confirmation requests and responses?
- What is a bank confirmation?
- Are bank confirmations required for an audit?
- What are three of the characteristics of a reliable confirmation?
- What is the difference between advising bank and confirming bank?
- What is a positive confirmation?
- What is electronic confirmation?
- What are the five audit assertions?
- What are the primary assertions related to cash?
- What are the advantages of using a third party to send confirmations electronically?
- What assertions do confirmations test?
What is a blank confirmation?
blank confirmation form.
a letter, addressed to the debtor, requesting the recipient to fill in the amount of the accounts receivable balance; it is considered positive confirmation.
Can issuing bank be confirming bank?
Issuing Bank: The bank which, at the request of the Applicant, issues the credit in favour of the Beneficiary. … Silent Confirmation: If, at the request of the Beneficiary, an Advising Bank adds its confirmation to a credit without the authority of the Issuing Bank, this will be a silent confirmation.
Can SBLC be confirmed?
Confirmation is offered to all DBS clients who are beneficiaries of SBLC. Confirmation of SBLC with automatic extension feature is available to meet multi-year contractual obligation, subject to transaction clearance.
What procedures can be performed on customers who do not respond?
If customer does not respond, can perform tests of debits and credits to individual customers’ balances by examining supporting documentation for shipments and cash receipts.
What are the characteristics of a confirmation?
The four characteristics of the definition of a confirmation are:Receipt.Written or oral response.From independent third party.Requested by the auditor.
What is a negotiating bank?
Negotiating Bank,is the one who negotiates documents delivered to bank by beneficiary of LC. … Negotiating bank is the bank that verifies documents and confirms the terms and conditions under LC on behalf of beneficiary to avoid discrepancies.
What are the circumstances under which confirmation of accounts receivable is not required?
RECEIVABLE CONFIRMATIONS ARE NOT ALWAYS required if accounts receivable are immaterial, the use of confirmations would be ineffective or combined inherent risk and control risk are low and analytics or other substantive tests would detect misstatements.
What does it mean to maintain control over the confirmation requests and responses?
According to paragraph 0.28 of this section auditor has to maintain control over communication request and responses. It means that auditor has to take safeguards to decrease the possibility of confirmation’s manipulation. If client can take control of confirmation when needed, control has not been sufficient.
What is a bank confirmation?
Bank confirmation is the audit procedure that perform by auditor to test the existence, accuracy and the ownership of banks account and bank balance of entity. … Auditors draft the confirmation and the send to client review and get the confirmation signed.
Are bank confirmations required for an audit?
(1)For cash balances, there is no requirement shown in the auditing standards which means confirmation in audit of cash balances is not a must. But in fact, it is performed in most audits. (2)As for accounting receivables balances, it is required by the auditing standards to use confirmations.
What are three of the characteristics of a reliable confirmation?
Case 9.4 – Bud’s Big Blue Manufacturing  The four factors and auditor should consider when evaluating the results of confirmation procedures are: • the reliability of the confirmations and alternative procedures • the nature of any exceptions, including the implications, both quantitative and qualitative, of those …
What is the difference between advising bank and confirming bank?
The advising bank has no payment obligations under the letter of credit rules. … On the other hand the confirming bank has to pay the letter of credit amount to the beneficiary against a complying presentation, even if nominated bank or issuing bank refrain to pay.
What is a positive confirmation?
Positive confirmation is an auditing inquiry that requires the customer to respond, confirming the accuracy of an item. Positive confirmation requires proof of accuracy by affirming that the original information was correct or by providing the correct information if incorrect.
What is electronic confirmation?
A reliable electronic confirmation process means that the auditor has assurance he or. she is sending the confirmation request to the intended recipient. At the entity level, the auditor should determine that the confirming entity is a legitimate enterprise by.
What are the five audit assertions?
The 5 assertions areExistence or occurrence.Completeness.Rights and obligations.Valuation or Allocation.Presentation and disclosure. Note that each line in the financial statements contains all assertions. However, the risk of misstatement for each assertion will vary according to the type of account.
What are the primary assertions related to cash?
The primary relevant cash assertions are:Existence.Completeness.Rights.Accuracy.Cutoff.
What are the advantages of using a third party to send confirmations electronically?
The authors discuss the advantage of using a third-party for confirmations to increase reliability by stating, “The reliability of third-party evidence (e.g., bank statements) is enhanced when it is obtained from a knowledgeable, but unbiased, respondent who is outside the company under audit.
What assertions do confirmations test?
Confirmation requests can be designed to elicit evidence that addresses the completeness assertion: that is, if properly designed, confirmations may provide evidence to aid in assessing whether all transactions and accounts that should be included in the financial statements are included.