Quick Answer: What Are The Determinants Of Disease In Epidemiology?

What are the determinants of disease?

A determinant is any characteristic that affects the health of a population.

Diet, for example, is a determinant of bovine hypomagnesaemia: reduced food intake and low levels of plant magnesium, related to rapid grass growth, are associated with an increased incidence of the disease..

What are the 3 determinants of health?

The determinants of health include:the social and economic environment,the physical environment, and.the person’s individual characteristics and behaviours.

What are the 7 determinants of health?

There are five major determinant areas: economic stability (poverty, employment, food security, housing stability); education (high school graduation, enrollment in higher education, language and literacy); social and community context (social cohesion, discrimination, incarceration);

What is an example of epidemiology?

Epidemiological studies measure the risk of illness or death in an exposed population compared to that risk in an identical, unexposed population (for example, a population the same age, sex, race and social status as the exposed population).

What are the 3 main elements of descriptive epidemiology?

In descriptive epidemiology, we organize and summarize data according to time, place, and person. These three characteristics are sometimes called the epidemiologic variables.

What are the 12 health determinants?

The Public Health Agency of Canada has identified 12 determinants of health as follows:Income and social status.Social support networks.Education and literacy.Employment/working conditions.Social environments.Physical environments.Personal health practices and coping skills.Healthy child development.More items…

What are the 4 major determinants of health?

Determinants of health may be biological, behavioral, sociocultural, economic, and ecological. Broadly, the determinants of health can be divided into four, core categories: nutrition, lifestyle, environment, and genetics, which are like four pillars of the foundation.

What are the basic principles of epidemiology?

Uses of EpidemiologyCount health-related events.Describe the distribution of health-related events in the population.Describe clinical patterns.Identify risk factors for developing diseases.Identify causes or determinants of disease.Identify control and/or preventive measures.More items…•

What is the best definition for epidemiology?

By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events (not just diseases) in specified populations (neighborhood, school, city, state, country, global).

What are the four methods of epidemiology?

Epidemiological studies generally fall into four broad categories:cross-sectional studies.case-control studies.cohort studies.intervention studies.

What are the 5 major determinants of health?

Health is influenced by many factors, which may generally be organized into five broad categories known as determinants of health: genetics, behavior, environmental and physical influences, medical care and social factors. These five categories are interconnected.

What are the 10 determinants of health?

The World Health Organization has identified 10 social determinants of health:the social gradient.stress.early life.social exclusion.work.unemployment.social support.addiction.More items…

What is the role of epidemiology?

Epidemiology identifies the distribution of diseases, factors underlying their source and cause, and methods for their control; this requires an understanding of how political, social and scientific factors intersect to exacerbate disease risk, which makes epidemiology a unique science.

What are modifiable determinants of health?

Below is a list of the determinants which are modifiable: knowledge, skills, attitude (individual) peers, religion (sociocultural) employment, education, income (socioeconomic) geographical location, access to health services and technology (environmental)

What are the 3 major types of epidemiologic studies?

Three major types of epidemiologic studies are cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies (study designs are discussed in more detail in IOM, 2000). A cohort, or longitudinal, study follows a defined group over time.

What are the two types of epidemiology?

It has been said that epidemiology by itself can never prove that a particular exposure caused a particular outcome. Often, however, epidemiology provides sufficient evidence to take appropriate control and prevention measures. Epidemiologic studies fall into two categories: experimental and observational.

Which type of epidemiological study examines the determinants of disease?

Descriptive epidemiology aims to describe the distributions of diseases and determinants. It provides a way of organizing and analyzing these data to describe the variations in disease frequency among populations by geographical areas and over time (i.e., person, place, and time).

What are the 5 W’s of epidemiology?

The difference is that epidemiologists tend to use synonyms for the 5 W’s: diagnosis or health event (what), person (who), place (where), time (when), and causes, risk factors, and modes of transmission (why/how).

Why is age important in epidemiology?

Analyses by age are among the most widely used tools from the epidemiological toolbox. They are mostly used to adjust for confounding (as a result of age) or to assess effect modification.

What are the 6 social determinants of health?

What are social determinants of health?Economic Stability.Education Access and Quality.Health Care Access and Quality.Neighborhood and Built Environment.Social and Community Context.

Is an epidemiologist a doctor?

Are epidemiologists considered medical doctors? No. While epidemiologists study and investigate the causes and sources of diseases in much the same way as medical doctors, they’re not considered actual physicians. Perhaps the biggest reason why is treatment.