Quick Answer: What Do You Mean By Elements Of Cost?

What are the elements of cost?

A cost is composed of three elements – Material, Labour and Expenses.

Each of these three elements can be direct and indirect, i.e., direct materials and indirect materials, direct labour and indirect labour, direct expenses and indirect expenses..

What are the various types of cost?

Types of CostsFixed Costs (FC) The costs which don’t vary with changing output. … Variable Costs (VC) Costs which depend on the output produced. … Semi-Variable Cost. … Total Costs (TC) = Fixed + Variable Costs.Marginal Costs – Marginal cost is the cost of producing an extra unit.

How will you classify cost?

Classification of Costs. Important classifications of costs include: By nature or traceability: Direct costs and indirect costs. Direct costs are directly attributable/traceable to cost objects, while indirect costs (not being directly attributable) are allocated or apportioned to cost objects.

What is cost and example?

In accounting, cost is defined as the cash amount (or the cash equivalent) given up for an asset. For example, the cost of an item in inventory also includes the item’s freight-in cost. … The cost of land includes all costs to get the land ready for its use.

What are the three major product cost elements?

The three major elements of product costs in a manufacturing company are direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.

What is fixed cost with example?

Fixed costs are usually negotiated for a specified time period and do not change with production levels. … Examples of fixed costs include rental lease payments, salaries, insurance, property taxes, interest expenses, depreciation, and potentially some utilities.

What are the different types of cost Centre?

There are two main types of cost centres:Production cost centres, where the products are manufactured or processed. Example of this is an assembly area.Service cost centres, where services are provided to other cost centres. Example of this is the personnel department or the canteen.

What are the main elements of cost?

The Elements of Cost are the three types of product costs (labor, materials and overhead) and period costs.

What do you mean by cost?

In production, research, retail, and accounting, a cost is the value of money that has been used up to produce something or deliver a service, and hence is not available for use anymore. In business, the cost may be one of acquisition, in which case the amount of money expended to acquire it is counted as cost.

What are the three types of cost?

Types of costsFixed costs. Fixed costs are costs that do not vary with the level of output in the short term.Variable costs. A variable cost varies in direct proportion with the level of output. … Semi-variable costs. … Total costs. … Direct costs. … Indirect costs.

What is the difference between price and cost?

Cost is typically the expense incurred for making a product or service that is sold by a company. Price is the amount a customer is willing to pay for a product or service. The cost of producing a product has a direct impact on both the price of the product and the profit earned from its sale.

What are the types of cost control?

Cost Control Techniques1 – Planning the Project Budget. You would need to ideally make a budget at the beginning of the planning session with regard to the project at hand. … 2 – Keeping a Track of Costs. … 3 – Effective Time Management. … 4 – Project Change Control. … 5 – Use of Earned Value.

What are the 4 types of cost?

Following this summary of the different types of costs are some examples of how costs are used in different business applications.Fixed and Variable Costs.Direct and Indirect Costs. … Product and Period Costs. … Other Types of Costs. … Controllable and Uncontrollable Costs— … Out-of-pocket and Sunk Costs—More items…•

What is cost and type of cost?

Direct costs are related to producing a good or service. A direct cost includes raw materials, labor, and expense or distribution costs associated with producing a product. The cost can easily be traced to a product, department, or project.